During their stay in the NICU, a baby’s environment is critical to their growth and development. However, each neonate has its own needs, and it’s important to create the appropriate environment. Developmental Care helps neonates with the transition from in-utero to extra-utero. It also supports them with many aspects, including:
Infants who receive developmental care demonstrate improved neurodevelopmental outcomes until the age of two. In addition, they seem less likely to develop long-term disabilities and behavioral problems by 5½ years of age.1
In this section, read more about the benefits of Developmental Care.
Videos and Lectures
- Dr. Robert White: NICU Design Why it Matters
- Sandra Jungers Presents
the Fundamentals of Developmental Care
- Sandra Jungers on
Developmental Care – Neurosensory Development
- Sandra Jungers on
Developmental Care –
Muscular Skeletal System
- Dr. Uwe Ewald, Uppsala
University Hospital Sweden:
The merit of Family Centered
- International standards for newborn weight, length, and head circumference by gestational age and sex: the Newborn Cross-Sectional Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project
In 2006, WHO published international growth standards for children younger than 5 years, which are now accepted worldwide. This project aimed to complement them by developing international standards for fetuses, newborn infants, and the postnatal growth period of preterm infants.
- Development and psychometric properties of the Swedish ALPS-Neo pain and stress assessment scale for newborn infants
To validate and evaluate the psychometric properties of the ALPS-Neo, a new pain assessment scale created for the continuous evaluation of pain and stress in preterm and sick term infants.
- Recommended Permissible Noise Criteria for Occupied, Newly Constructed or Renovated Hospital Nurseries
An interdisciplinary group of clinicians reviewed the literature regarding the effect of sound on the fetus, newborn, and preterm infant and based recommended criteria on the best evidence. An external panel subsequently reviewed the criteria.
- Effect of Environmental Changes on Noise in the NICU
To evaluate the effect of changes in the NICU environment on sound levels. A prospective quasi-experimental design evaluated sound levels in a 43-bed NICU.
- Co-Bedding Versus Single-Bedding Premature Multiple-Gestation Infants in Incubators
To compare the physiological stability and behavioral effects of co-bedding with those of single-bedding premature multiple-gestation infants in incubators as well as the psychological effects on their parents.
- Kangaroo Mother Care Diminishes Pain from Heel Lance in Very Preterm Infants- A Crossover Trial
Skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been shown to be efficacious in diminishing pain response to heel lance in full term and moderately preterm neonates.
1. Rick SL. Developmental care on newborn intensive care units: nurses’ experiences and neurodevelopmental, behavioural, and parenting outcomes. A critical review of the literature. J Neonat Nurs. 2006;12(2):56-61.