Therapy & Practice
Addressing critical clinical topics in neonatal care

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Neonatal Anesthesia


Prevention of pain in neonates is critical because of the potential for harmful consequences. Neonatal anesthetic management requires an understanding of the pharmacophysiologic limitations of the neonate as well as the pathophysiology of coexisting surgical disease.1 Although some neonates are extremely resistant to anesthesia, they are able to stand surgery for a fairly long period. However, there are numerous factors to consider, including: 

  • Anemia and dehydration
  • Induction of anesthesia, maintenance with or without an endotracheal tube, and positions of the patient
  • Blood pressure and pulse
  • Optimum temperature of the theatre and postoperative room2

If you want to learn more about the challenges of neonatal ventilation and how modern technology could support here, you can find more information here:

 For more research, articles and information go to the download center.

Operation Dreamland – Tim goes under anesthesia

Inducing anesthesia in children is complicated. Five-year-old Tim has broken his leg - and now he has to undergo surgery. This book depicts what he experiences at the hospital (suitable for children aged 3 and up).

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Hillier C, Krishna G, Brasoveanu E. Neonatal anesthesia. Semin in Pediatr Surg. 2004;13(3): 142-151.
2 Kundu N, Roy BP. Problems of neonatal anesthesia. Indian J Pediatr.1986;53(2): 237-241.